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tv   Politics and Public Policy Today  CSPAN  December 3, 2015 1:00pm-2:01pm EST

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their wages going up. but there's not much up side to getting a raise if the cost of living goes up too. there are many things to do. but most urgent is to actually repeal and replace obamacare. you know, when people ask me what's wrong with the law? i usually say how much time do you have? but if i had to point out one thing, it would be the mandates, the restrictions, all of the red tape. how do we know this has failed? you notice that we don't talk about lowering premiums any more? we were supposed to be happy -- we're supposed to be happy if they don't go up by double digits. this is the problem. the other side thinks that to lower the cost for some people, you have to raise them for others. life is just one big zero sum game. they know that people won't buy pricey insurance. so their solution is, don't give
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them a choice. we say lower costs for everybody by giving them a choice. instead of forcing you to buy insurance, we should force insurance companies to compete for your business. why don't we just let people find a plan that works best for them and their families. and yes, help people pay for health insurance. i have long believed we should offer a tax credit to help people pay for premiums, giving more to the sick, giving more to the old. there are a lot of other ideas out there. but what all conservatives can agree upon is this. we think government should encourage personal responsibility, not replace it. we think prices are going up because people have too few choices, not because they have too many. and we think this problem is so urgent that next year we will unveil a plan to replace every single word of obamacare.
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thank you. then there are millions of people in this country who are just stuck in neutral. 6 million people have no choice but to work part time. 45 million of our fellow citizens are living in poverty. conservatives need to have an answer for this. because we do not write people off in this country. we just don't. but this is what happens. the federal government says, look, if you -- if you're going through a rough patch, we will pay for your food, your housing, your medicine, your heat and on
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and on and on. you add them all up, and we have something like 82 different programs to help the people in need. and we're thinking all of these benefits are going to lift people up. but in fact, they end upholding people back. because under the law, the minute you start making real money, the minute you start climbing that economic ladder, these benefits start to disappear and they start to disappear really fast. yes, you're making more money, but you're losing 80, 90 cents on the dollar in higher taxes and lower benefits. say you're a single mom with one kid. you're making minimum wage. you're on food stamps, you're on medicaid, housing assistance, other forms of assistance. and you hear about a job that pays you more. should you take that job? the answer in this country should always be a resounding yes. but can you really blame someone for thinking no? the intentions may be good. the results are really clear. we are trapping people in
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poverty in this country. we have to make sure that it always pays to work. in 1996, we created a work requirement for welfare. it was phenomenally successful. that was just one program. we have to fix all the others now. i would combine a lot of them and send that money back to the states for better poverty-fighting solutions. require everybody who can to work. let states and communities try different ideas and then test the results. i have found that the poorest neighborhoods often are the most creative. they are full of entrepreneurs and innovators. full of people who really actually know how to fight poverty. eye-to-eye, person to person, soul to soul. they don't need to be supplanted. they need to be supported. and so this is the difference between the left and the right. they look at people in need and they see a burden to bear. people to take care of.
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we look at people in need and we see potential. push wages up. push the cost of living down. get people off the sidelines in this country. i could think of no better way to restore confidence in the american economy. and as we grow more secure at home, we will grow stronger on the world stage. in fact, the two are absolutely and directly related. if we want to create good jobs, we need to make more things in america and sell them overseas. let's never forget, 96% of the world's people, they don't live in the united states. they live in other countries. and we will not sell them as much as we could if we don't negotiate good trade agreements. other countries will not stop taxing and blocking our exports unless we negotiate with them, unless we set the terms. look at it this way. if you add up all the countries that we do not have a trade agreement with, we have a big trade deficit in manufacturing. but if you add up all the countries that do have -- we do
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have a trade agreement with, we have a surplus. now before we sign up for any trade agreement, we have to make sure it's a fair deal. i'm thinking of the transpacific partnership in particular. but we have to engage. we have to lead. only an active, forward-leaning america can tear down barriers to american exports for our jobs. this is more than a negotiating strategy. it goes to the core of our philosophy. we believe in free enterprise. we believe that if you have a good idea, you should have a fair chance to make it happen. that means that americans should not have to wait to pay unnecessary costs or to wait and wait just to get a permit. they should compete on a level playing field just like everybody else. and when we do that, we will win. i don't know why we would not fight for every job out there. i don't know why we would accept, or even worse, adopt
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other countries' corporate welfare when we know our system of real enterprise is better. there will not be a better playing field. there will not be free or fair trade unless we work for it. china is out there every day pushing for crony capitalism, their own version of corporate welfare. so it all comes down to this question. are we going to write the rules of the global economy or is china? i would also say that uniting ourriends behind good trade agreements will enhance our national security. but, of course, the biggest danger to our national security, it's much more straight forward. our adversarieses are not respecting us. too many people -- too many people think a warning for the united states is a hollow protest of a has been. that has to change. we need to build a 21st century military.
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thank you. and i don't mean just pour more money into the pentagon. we have to reform the pentagon so it can adopt new threats. acquire new capabilities more quickly. whether it's advanced missile defense or derecollected energy weapons. and there is no person better to lead that effort than the chairman of the house armed services committee, mack thornberry. a strong america does not threaten the peace. a strong america is what protects the peace. and we need to act like it. isis. isis is a threat. we need a strategy to defeat it. our friends in europe and asia and the middle east, they're embattled. we need to give them our
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support. we need to strengthen both our economy and our military to show the world that freedom works. and when we do, the world will see a confident america once again. this is how i see the choice. now the country needs to see it. today, what i have done here is to lay out our principles. now we, together, collaboratively, we need to turn them into policies. but even if we cannot move mountains, we can make moves in the right direction. the cautious may wait for their opportunity, but the prudent will make their opportunity. we can make progress on issues where there's bipartisan agreement. like rebuilding our roads and bridges, or bringing some certainty to the tax code. we don't have to compromise our
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principles to work with the other side. even a blind squirrel can find a nut every now and then. as hard as it might be, even politicians can find common ground. so what it all comes down to is whether we conservatives have confidence in ourselves. do we really believe that our philosophy is true? do we have the best ideas? if so, then i see absolutely no reason why we should not hold back. the truth is, the left wants to make this a debate about personalities. they want to paint us as irresponsible. that's because we all know what the left stands for. we all know what another progressive presidency will mean. just more of the same. so don't take the bait. don't play that game. don't give them a win by default. put together a positive agenda and take it to the american people. give the people of this country the choice that they have been
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yearning for. and if next year this house can say that we have done that, then we will have done our job. then the people will know that we stand for a more prosperous, a more secure and yes, a more confident america. and the rest -- well, the rest will be up to the people. as it should be. thank you very much for your attending today. god bless you. thank you.
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more of our road to the white house coverage coming up. presidential candidates are speaking today at the republican jewish coalition 2016 presidential candidates forum. and we'll hear from mike huckabee, chris christie, rand paul, jeb bush and others this afternoon, starting at 2:00 p.m. eastern here on c-span3. later today, attorney general loretta lynch will outline the justice department efforts to combat hate crimes and discrimination against muslims. the muslim advocate dinner is live on c-span tonight at 8:30 eastern. >> every weekend on american history tv on c-span3, 48 hours of programs and events that tell our nation's story. saturday morning beginning at 11:00 eastern, live from
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historic colonial williamsburg, bringing you scenes from the 1770s, the eve of the american revolution, with reenactments of british revolutionaries mingling on the streets. we will tour the governor's palace and capitol building. and take your calls and tweets with historians and experts. sunday morning at 10:00, on "road to the white house rewind." we'll hear the aspirations of presidential hopeful from 1987, donald rumsfeld shares his thoughts about running. and dick cheney explores his possible run in the 1996 presidential race. >> i used to thinkti of it as a political calculation. you look at the landscape to try to figure out who else was going to run and what your prospects were. the more i think about it, the more it becomes a personal decision rather than a political decision. >> and later at 11:30 on lectures in history, southern illinois university edwardsville
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history professor, robert paulette on the caribbean sugar trade, its role in the development of britain's atlantic colonies and its impact on race and slavery in the 1600s. >> sugar was one of the main motors of the slave trade in americas. 75% of all africans brought to the americas in the 1600s were brought to the areas where they were growing and making sugar. it was a huge business. it was, some scholars argue the first industrial enterprise in the western world. >> american history tv, all weekend, every weekend, only on c-span 3. president obama joined more than 150 world leaders at the paris climate change conference last week. we'll hear from some of them now, including french president, francois hollande, who preinviteed sided over the session and angela merkel and
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russian president vladimir putin. >> translator: the president of paragu paraguay, manuel cartez has the floor. >> translator: president of the french republic, francois hollande. secretary general of the united nations, mr. ban ki-moon. president of cop 21.
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ladies and gentlemen, heads of state and government, 8 excellencies. i would like to reiterate to president hollande, his government and the french people, the most heart felt condolences and our utmost solidari solidarity. in light of the horrendous crimes committed in paris on the 13th of this month. we and our generation are living at a critical juncture. we have the enormous and pressing responsibility of tackling the environmental challenge that we are living through. and this conference is an opportunity for nations to adopt urgent measures in order to curb
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the causes of consequences of climate change. his holiness, pope francis, provides a stark warning in order to face this crisis and protect sources of life. he states that never have we so hitter and mistreated our common home as we have in the last 200 years. and now, today, it's up to us to change history. beginning today, in order to reverse the failure of past climate conferences. pa pa pa pa pa pa paraguay has abundant fresh water, fer tile soil and white
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ranging diversity. paraguay is the greatest exporter of clean renewable power in the world. we have hydroelectric dams. paraguay is one of the few countries in the whole world that consumes almost 100% electric energy that is of a clean and renewable source. the world record for production -- cumulative production of 2.3 billion megawatt per hour, which avoids the use of 440,000 barrels of oil per day. and with that then, it avoids the emission of 88 million tons of carbon dioxide per year. furthermore, protects more than 100,000 hectares of forest which
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produce oxygen for over 20 million people. the other dam protects 22,000 hectares of forest and mitigates carbon dioxide emissions. we produce food for the world, obtained through good agricultural practices, with low emissions of greenhouse gases in our productive processes. paraguay has 18.5 million hectares of forest. representing 45% of our territory. and this gives a value of 2.9 hectares of forest per capita. 15% of our nation corresponds to
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protected wildlife areas. in paraguay, we are renewing our public transport fleet, investing in new technologies that are multimodal and efficient for reducing the use of fossil fuels. we are carrying out historic investment in health infrastructure to improve the quality of our water resources and the quality of life of our people. we are undertaking a national forestation reforestation program to reduce the pressure on native forests, developing a sustainable energy framework. although paraguay does not make significant contributions to global emissions, we do suffer from the consequences of climate change. undeaking the commitment as part of this convention, par guy has presented its proposal for
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national contributions and actions for low carbon growth. president, we know that the agreement that will be adopted in this conference is very ambitious, and it is a challenge. it is nothing less and nothing more than the protection of our planet and the face of the devastating effects of unbridled consumerism. the success of this dialogue will pave the way for countries to improve the quality of life of their most vulnerable sectors. today, we have not only the opportunity, but also the responsibility to draft objectives for a new agreement of the climate to preserve our natural heritage for future generations. i will conclude my brief statement quoting once again pope francis, who in his famous and cyclical letter, which is a landmark against indifference says, as often occurs, in periods of deep crisis which
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require bold decisions, we are tempted to think that what is happening is not entirely clear. superficially, apart from a few signs of pollution and deterioration, things do not look that serious, and the planet could continue as it is for some time. such evasiveness serves as a license for carrying on with our present lifestyles and modals of production and consumption. let's change history. let's wake up. and hear the urgent call to look after our sources of life. and let's not lose sight of the fact that the final goal of our efforts as governors is the well-being of our peoples with deep respect for human dignity. thank you very much. >> translator: thank you, president. morocco will host the next cop, his majesty, mohamed vi, has
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done a great deal of work to combat climate change. he is among us, but as he's lost his voice, he will unfortunately not be able to deliver his statement, which will be led -- read by his royal highness ashid, who i give the floor to. >> translator: mr. president, secretary general of the united nations, excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. his majesty, mohamed vi, i am his son, has given me the honor of making the royal statements at this 21st conference of the parties, the united nations
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framework on climate change. peace and blessing upon the prophet. ladies and gentlemen, distinguished heads of state in government, secretary general of the united nations, excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. our meeting today in paris is not and can no longer be one of those summits and conferences that the community of nations regularly puts on the agenda of international relations. allow me to say frankly that it will no longer be the case, because the paris conference and the one that my country has offered to host in a year's time will be instrumental in shaping the future which we are duty-bound to bequeath to our children.
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our children whom we do not want to see deprived of forests, oceans, coastlines and all these natural resources which are the hall marks of mankind's most valuable heritage. a heritage which is threatened today, because the international community has been unor unwilling to come together in time and muster the means needed to have better control over its own destiny. today, we are aware, all of us, of the devastating effects of global warming on the planet. and of the urgent need to match words with deeds. your excellencieexcellencies, l gentlemen. what is at stake in our discussions is neither ideological or diplomatic or even economic. in the traditional sense of our previous discussions and meetings. we all now realize that the
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threat is global. indeed, there is not a single country, regional continent that will be spared the consequences of climate change. doubt and skepticism are no longer acceptable. nor will it be possible to continue using the alibi of wrong priorities. the community of nations has for far too long turned its back on our children's destiny and future. for a long time, we chose to turn a blind eye for far too long we have delayed the moment of awareness. we have been playing with hypotheses that have proved to be ways of evading the issue. but the facts speak for themselves. sea and ocean levels are rising, shores are gradually being erupted. water sources are becoming scarce. increasingly, deadly floods are
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coming on the heels of droughts that are just as distressing. that is why i have deliberately chosen to avoid technical analysis or academic discourse. instead, i want to pay tribute to the scientists and specialists who are experts in the field. we have to make sure that unanimity, which is not easily and instantaneously attainable in this area, does not become a deal-breaker that would justify foot-dragging by some, and the illusions arising from the inaction of others. in this respect, we must patiently, resolutely and determinedly build on what is possible and attainable. it is only through effective action and tangible results that we can overcome reluctance and resistance. your excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, in keeping with this perspective, that of realism,
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anticipation and action, i should like to mention the strategy that the kingdom of morocco has been implementing for more than half a century. to begin with, water, the source of life and crucial daily concern for every more rock an. what would become of morocco in this respect, had it not been for the dam building policy, a ground breaking initiated in the early 1960s by reefered father, his majesty, king hasan ii, may he rest in peace. recognizing the importance of this key accomplishment for morocco's future, we have sought to strengthen it, which has allowed the kingdom to now have 140 large dams, nearly a third of which have been built during the last 15 years. thanks to this policy, morocco is successfully dealing with the effects of drought, while in some developed countries,
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seasonal rain gives rise to a warning that an exceptional severe drought is feared. the kingdom's commitment -- committed action is also illustrated by the development of watersheds, which make it possible to channel water without destroying or disrupting eco systems. morocco has also developed, without some difficulty, defended, when negotiating with its partners, a responsible fisheries policy to protect its fish stocks. excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. since the world became aware of the urgent need to address climate change in rio in 1929, the kingdom of morocco has resolutely sought to ensure that its policy on sustainable development and environmental protection is in line with the global efforts of the international community. it's done through a series of constitutional, legislative institutional and regulatory
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reforms. the environment charter, the green morocco plan, the green investment plan, the ban on gmos and the recent law on practice waste all clearly reflect our commitment and consistency. more recently, and in line with the same approach favoring long-term objectives, the kingdom of morocco has become one of the major actors in the global energy transition around the world and especially on the african continent. thus, the objective of securing 42% said for the country's energy mix to be drawn from renewable sources by 2020, has recently been increased to 52% by 2030. morocco's ambitious, substantial intended nationally determined contribution under the you wanted nations framework
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convention on climate change confirms the kingdom's avant-garde, proactive approach. building on this irreversible commitment, morocco is bidding to host the cop it 22 in america in 2016. that is why i made the appeal on the 20th of september, together with his excellency, president francois hollande. this reflects our commitment to work hand-in-hand for the success of these events that are crucial to our destiny. it is important that states -- one stage leads to the next, and the road ahead will be long, habits have to be changed, priorities have to be set and new technology invented and regular assessments will have to be accepted. excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, the climate change predicament is the ultimate suffered by the most vulnerable.
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the consequences of climate change affects developing nations as much if not more than developed countries, especially the least advanced african and latin american states and small island states. alarm bells have been heard, even by the deaf. there is broad awareness, yes. developing countries are progressing, all be it at air own pace, using strategies. they are charting their own course amid constraints which can no longer be ignored. first, there is the need to make sure that their populations enjoy decent living conditions. is it fair to advocate frugality when one already has everything? but when one has little, is it a crime against the planet to want more? does it make sense to describe a type of development as sustainable when it leaves the majority of people living in poverty? is it appropriate that
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prescriptions for climate protection be dictated by those who bear the greatest responsibility for global warming? the african continent deserves special attention. the whole of africa is waking up. africa is discovering itself and gaining confidence. it is therefore in africa, the continent of the future, that the planet's future will be decided. in this context, promoting the transfer of technology and raising funds, particularly for the benefit of developing countries, is fundamental. be careful, because we need to guard against compelling these countries to choose between economic development and the protection of the environment. developing countries' commitment to combat the effects of climate change must also take into accounts the respective development models and their customs. thus, in the countries of the
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north, consumer habits regarding cosmetics and food, for instance, produce large amounts of nondegradable waste. likewise, in developing countries, the fight against plastic bags, for example, is a genuine challenge. people do not think of getting rid of these bags, but rather filling them to meet their needs. and this is a question of education. that is why in both cases, finding regulations are needed. the fight against waste should not be synonymous with techno phob phobia, with a rejection of progress or return to the stone age. on the contrary, technological advances should be used effectively, so as to reduce the impact of global warming. president, excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, a genuine
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inclusive international consensus is imperative. it requires that we support developing countries in their endeavor to fully embrace the climate action agenda. the paris conference gives us the opportunity to consolidate a comprehensive operational balance, universal legal instrument that will make it possible to keep global warming below 2 degrees celsius. and move towards a low carbon economy. i would like to conclude by wishing this conference every success. i also want to thank president francois holland and france for the commitment and dedication they have shown to make a cop 21 a successful meeting that makes history and fosters hope. maintaining this conference and ensuring its success is the most elegant tribute we can pay to
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the french people. who have recently been affected by despicable terrorist attacks. this is the best response to obscuretism and to the enemies of humanity. thank you. >> translator: i thank your majesty. and i call upon barack obama, president of the united states of america. >> president holland, secretary general, fellow leaders, we have come to paris to show our resolve. we offer our condolences to the people of france for the
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barbaric attacks on this beautiful city. we stand united in solidarity, not only to deliver justice, to the terrorist network responsible for those attacks, but to protect our people and uphold the enduring values that keep us strong and keep us free. and we salute the people of paris for insisting this crucial conference go on. an act of defiance that proves nothing will deter us from building the future we want for our children. what greater rejection of those who would tear down our world than marshalling our best efforts to save it? nearly 200 nations have assembled here this week. a declaration that for all the
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challenges we face, the growing threat of climate change could define the contours of this century more dramatically than any other. and what should give us hope that this is a turning point. this is the moment we finally determined we would save our planet. is the fact that our nations share a sense of urgency about this challenge and a growing realization that it is within our power to do something about it. our understanding of the ways human beings disrupt the climate, advances by the day. 14 of the 15 warmest years on record have occurred since the year 2000. in 2015, on pace to be the warmest year of all.
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no nation, large or small, wealthy or poor, is immune to what this means. this summer, i saw the effects of climate change firsthand in our northern most state, alaska. where the sea is already swallowing villages and eroding shorelines. where perma frost thaws and the tundra burns. where glaciers are melting at a pace unprecedented in modern times. and it was a preview of one possible future. a glimpse of our children's fate if the climate keeps changing faster than our efforts to address it. submerged countries, abandoned cities, fields that no longer grow. political disruptions, that trigger new conflict and new floods of desperate peoples, seeking sank sanctuaries of not
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their own. that future is not one of strong economies. nor is it one where fragile states can find their footing. that future is one that we have the power to change. right here. right now. but only if we rise to this moment. as one of america's governors has said, we are the first generation to feel the impact of climate change and the last generation that can do something about it. i've come here personally, as the leader of the world's largest economy and the second-largest emitter to say that the united states of america not only recognizes our role in creating this problem, we embrace our responsibility to do something about it.
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over the last seven years, we have made ambitious investments, in clean energy. ambitious reductions in our carbon emissions. we have multiplied wind power three-fold. solar power more than 20-fold. helping create parts of america where these clean power sources are finally cheaper than dirtier conventional power. we have invested in energy efficiency in every way imaginable. we have said no to infrastructure that would pull high carbon fossil fuels from the ground, and we have said yes to the first-ever set of national standards limiting the amount of carbon pollution our power plants can release into the sky. the advances we have made have helped drive our economic output to all-time highs, and drive our carbon pollution to its lowest
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levels in nearly two decades. but the good news is, this is not an american trend alone. last year, the global economy grew while global carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels stayed flat. and what this means can't be overstated. we have broken the old arguments for inaction. we have proved that strong economic growth and a safer environment no longer have to conflict with one another. they can work in concert with one another. and that should give us hope. one of the enemies that we'll be fighting at this conference is cynicism. the notion we can't do anything about climate change. our progress should give us hope
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during these two weeks. hope that is rooted in collective action. earlier this month in dubai, after years of delay, the world agreed to work together to cut the super pollutants known as hfcs. that's progress. already, prior to paris, more than 180 countries representing nearly 95% of global emissions have put forward their own climate targets. that is progress. for our part, america is on track to reach the emissions targets that i set six years ago in koeppen hagen. we will reduce our carbon emissions in the change of 17% below 2005 levels by 2020. and that's why last year i set a new target. america will reduce our emissions 26 to 28% below 2005
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levels within ten years from now. so our task here in paris is to turn these achievements into an enduring framework for human progress. not a stopgap solution. but a long-term strategy that gives the world confidence in the low-carbon future. here in paris, let's secure an agreement that builds in ambition. where progress paves the way for regularly updated targets. of targets that are not set for each of us, but by each of us. taking into account the differences that each nation is facing. here in paris, let's agree to a strong system of transparency that gives each of us the confidence that all of us are meeting our commitments.
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and let's make sure that the countries who don't yet have the full capacity to report on their targets receive the support they need. here in paris, let's reaffirm our commitment that resources will be there for countries willing to do their part to skip the dirty phase of development. and i recognize this will not be easy. it will take a commitment to innovation. and the capital to continue driving down the cost of clean energy. and that's why this afternoon i'll join many of you to announce an historic joint effort to accelerate public and private clean energy innovation on a global scale. here in paris, let's also make sure that these resources flow to the countries that need help. preparing for the impact of climate change that we can no longer avoid.
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we know the truth, that many nations have contributed little to climate change, but will be the first to feel its most destructive effects. for some, particularly island nations whose leaders i will meet with tomorrow, climate change is a threat to their very existence. and that's why today in concert with other nations, america confirms our strong and ongoing commitment to the least developed countries' fund. and tomorrow we'll pledge new contributions to risk insurance initiatives that help vulnerable populations rebuild stronger after climate related disasters. and finally here in paris, let's show businesses and investors that the global economy is on a firm path towards a low-carbon future. if we put the right rules and incentives in place, we'll unleash the creative power of our best scientists and engineers and entrepreneurs to deploy clean energy technologies
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and the new jobs and new opportunities that they create all around the world. there are hundreds of billions of dollars ready to deploy to countries around the world if they get the signal that we mean business this time. let's send that signal. that's what we seek in these next two weeks. not simply an agreement to roll back the pollution we put into our skies, but an agreement that helps us lift people from poverty without condemning the next generation to a planet that's beyond its capacity to repair. here in paris, we can show the world what is possible when we come together, united and common effort and by a common purpose. and let there be no doubt, the next generation is watching what we do. just over a week ago, i was in malaysian, where i held a town hall with young people. and the first question i
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received was from a young indonesian woman, and it wasn't about terrorism, it wasn'tbout the economy, it wasn't about human rights. it was about climate change. and she asked whether i was optimistic about what we can achieve here in paris, and what young people like her could do to help. i want our actions to show her that we're listening. i want our actions to be big enough to draw on the talents of all our people, men and women, rich and poor. i want to show her passionate, idealistic young generation that we care about their future. for i believe in the words of dr. martin luther king jr., there is such a thing as being too late. and when it comes to climate change, that hour is almost upon us. but if we act here, and if we act now, if we place our own short-term interests behind the air that our young people will
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breathe and the food they will eat and the water they will drink, and the hopes and dreams that sustain their lives, then we won't be too late for them. and my fellow leaders, accepting this challenge will not reward us with moments of victory that are clear or quick. our progress will be measured differently in the suffering that is averted and a planet that's preserved. and that's what's always made this so hard. our generation may not even live to see the full realization of what we do here. but the knowledge that the next generation will be better off for what we do here. can we imagine a more worthy reward than that? passing that on to our children and our grandchildren so that when they look back and they see what we did here in paris, they can take pride in our achievement.
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let that be the common purpose here in paris. a world that is worthy of our children, a world that is marked not by conflict, but by cooperation. and not by human suffering, humn suffering but by human progress. a world that is safer and more prosperous and more secure and more free than the one that we inherited. let's get to work. thank you very much. [ applause ] >> translator: i give the floor to the president .
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>> translator: mr. presidt, ladies and gentlemen, heads of state and government, mr. secretary general of the united nations, madame executive secretary of the united nations ramework convention on the climate change, ladies and gentlemen, ministers, ladies and gentlemen. allow me in turn to once again to present to you and the french nation ministers, ladies and gentlemen. allow me in turn to once again to present to you and the french nation our most sincere condolences following the cowardly and hateful rrorist attacks which bereaved tran frad the international community. i'd like to reiterate to you our tireless support in jointly sustainedly combatting terrorism in all its forms.
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53 years ago, the world was emerging from the worst humanitarian disaster in our mod he we ern history. out of this rubble, the international community built its salvation through a consensusout of this rubble, th international community built its salvation through a consensus in the form of the universal declaration of human rights in paris on the 10th of december, 1948. today it is this same consensus that we have to create, this same courage that we have to draw upon, these same -- this same sense of responsibility, this same duty, the duty to protect our planet and to leave to future generations a liveable planet. for these reasons, we must impose constraints upon ourselves for posterity, for humanity here in paris as was
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the case for the universal declaration of human rights. mr. president, ladies and gentlemen, since the rio summit in 1992 in brazil, the threat of climate change has only worsened. and yet it is clear to everybody that the international community certainly has not lived up to the immense challenge represented by the global environment for crisiisis we fi ourselves faced with. and this is even though we now understand its theoretical underpinnings. and this is even though we have increasely effective tools that can guide us in our growth in ways that are more respectful of the environment. this is the paradox, a paradox
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which our fellow citizens find hard to understand and which is unacceptable for the many countries which experience climate change as a countdown towards hostile and uncertain future. it is certain that if nothing is done, in less than half a century this east africa and at middle east, it will be impossible for human beings to survive due to extreme temperatures caused by greenhouse gases. soil degradation, wells running dry, floods, there's climate phenomena are already regular hazards that our populations are kcom bats aing as best we can.
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we know we can't win unless we take drastic steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, developed countries which we have to recall have historic responsibility for climate change and which have the necessary financial and technological capacities, these countries must set an example by substantially reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. equally, developing countries must take their share of responsibility. no economic argument can justify the jeopardizing of the planet because growth and material wealth that we are currently amassing will be worth nothing
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compared with the per risk costs caused by climate change, namely human live which is will be lost. yes, adaptation mechanisms and tools have been developed in recent years. and i believe that we are only at the beginning of projects that will allow us to protect the most vulnerable populations against climate hazards. but our countries' needs are such that it is vital to further development. in this sense, i fully endorse the statements made by the president of south africa on behalf of the group of 77. and by the president of sudan on behalf of africa. thus countries faced with climate challenges will be
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chiefly dependent on the ability of countries of the north to provide more consistent responses to two issues that africa has raised. on the one hand, that of adaptation to the effect of climate change and its financing, and on the other hand, that of technological transfer. like other countries, adaptation remains the priority. we already find ourselves faced with a lack of water, low agriculture al output, devastating floods, frequent droughts, rising sea levels, health problems due to climate change.floods, frequent drought rising sea levels, health problems due to climate change. among others. all actions taken to address
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these phenomena must be financed. for this reason, we ask that the international financing mobilized to dom bat climate change be equitably shared between mitigation actions and adaptation actions. here we are worried by the current trend which revealed by the report shows that only 17% of financing is devoted for adaptation. which is far from enough. neglecting adaptation would be to forgot that climate change already affects many countries and that its negative impact will only increase and this regardless of the mitigation measures that are taken. today we have met to adopt a new
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universal agreement one that i hope will also be legally binding. we have learned from the experience of the kyoto protocol and the failure of the copenhagen summit and we must take the necessary decisions to find an agreement which on the one happen one hand does not exclude any country and on the other is just and equitable. to do this, we will undoubtedly need to agree before it's too late to address the issue of national sovereignties, to imbed framework for an effective response to the most global threat that humanity has ever known. hope is once again there. it is strong and powerful enough to help us to understand the most important thing. the need to act once and for all for the planet. thank you.
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trf thank you. >> translator: thank you. i give the floor to the president of china, president xi jinping. followed by the president of lithuania. >> translator: president hollande, ban ki-moon, dear colleagues, ladies and gentlemen, today we're gathering here in paris for the opening ceremony of the united nations conference on climate change. our presence


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